MS is an inflammatory autoimmune disease leading to tissue damage in the central nervous system. More than 25 million people are suffering from neuronal dysfunctions and cognitive deficits caused by this disease.
What is the Mechanism of MS?
To answer this question, we need to make a brief introduction into the cell structure of the brain. It is common knowledge that neuronal circuits are responsible for information processing. They also control many functions of the body. At the same time and despite their crucial importance, neurons are not the only cells in our brain, and there are other cells types performing different functions, including supportive and immune cells. Supportive cells create highly specialized environment necessary for normal functioning of the neurons, while immune cells protect the brain from pathogens.
In case of MS, immune cells of the brain cease to function in a normal way. Instead of fighting pathogens, they start attacking supportive cells. This leads to destruction of supportive cells and inflammation. Under such conditions, neuronal circuits can no longer function properly, and this is the cause of progressive disability and cognitive deficits in MS patients.
Unfortunately, effectiveness of conventional MS treatments is rather limited, which calls for an alternative therapeutic approach intended to improve health of people suffering from this disease. The goals of MS treatment with stem cells is
- reduction of frequency and severity of relapses
- subsidence of neurologic and cognitive deficits
- inhibition oк prevention of permanent disabilities
Stem cells migrate into the affected tissues and substitute for damaged and dying cells. Power immunomodulatory effect of stem cell therapy is its another very important advantage. Through production of anti-inflammatory cytokines, stem cells reduce autoimmune damage of neurons and supportive cells. At the same time, stem cell trophic factors stimulate regeneration of the damaged nervous tissues.
Recently, MS patient in whom conventional methods were ineffective underwent stem cell therapy in our Infinity Clinic. After the treatment, he reported the following improvements:
- headache subsidence
- improved memory and cognitive functions
- eyesight improvement
- better erectile function
- improved functional activity of gastrointestinal system and bladder
- overall power boosting